2. It can not be divided into smaller meaningful segments without an altering its definition or leaving a meaningless remainder.

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3. It has reasonably the exact same stable meaning in different verbal environments.

Free and Bound Morphemes

There room two species of morphemes-free morphemes and also bound morphemes. "Free morphemes" deserve to stand alone v a specific meaning, for example, eat, date, weak. "Bound morphemes" cannot was standing alone through meaning. Morphemes are consisted of of two different classes referred to as (a) bases (or roots) and (b) affixes.

A "base," or "root" is a morpheme in a word that gives the indigenous its principle meaning. An instance of a "free base" morpheme is woman in words womanly. An example of a "bound base" morpheme is -sent in words dissent.


An "affix" is a bound morpheme that occurs before or after a base. One affix the comes before a base is dubbed a "prefix." Some instances of prefixes space ante-, pre-, un-, and also dis-, as in the complying with words:


An affix the comes ~ a base is dubbed a "suffix." Some examples of suffixes space -ly, -er, -ism, and also -ness, together in the adhering to words:


Derivational Affixes

An affix have the right to be one of two people derivational or inflectional. "Derivational affixes" serve to transform the an interpretation of a native by building on a base. In the examples of words v prefixes and suffixes above, the enhancement of the prefix un- come healthy alters the meaning of healthy. The resulting word means "not healthy." The enhancement of the suffix -er come garden changes the meaning of garden, i beg your pardon is a ar where plants, flowers, etc., grow, to a native that describes "a human who tends a garden." It have to be provided that all prefixes in English space derivational. However, suffixes may be one of two people derivational or inflectional.

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Inflectional Affixes

There are a huge number of derivational affixes in English. In contrast, over there are just eight "inflectional affixes" in English, and also these room all suffixes. English has the complying with inflectional suffixes, which serve a variety of grammatical functions when included to specific varieties of words. These grammatical features are displayed to the best of each suffix.

-s noun plural-"s noun possessive-s verb existing tense third person singular-ing verb present participle/gerund-ed verb an easy past tense-en verb past perfect participle-er adjective comparative-est adjective superlative